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The Faculty of Biology. Belarusian State University. English Version.  

DEPARTMENT OF PLANT CELL BIOLOGY AND BIOENGINEERING


Address: 4, Nezavisimost Ave., Minsk, 220030, Belarus

Telephones: +375-17-209 + 5849, 5850; 5913

E-mail (HoD): dzemidchykbsu.by

Web page: http://bio.bsu.by/fbr

Location: Third fl oor, 10, Kurchatov Street, Minsk


History

The Department has been established in 1928.

Heads of the Department since 1928:

1928–1960 Professor Tihon N. Godnev

1960–1971 Docent Sergey V. Kalishevich

1971–1991 Docent Liudmila V. Kahnovich

1991–2011 Professor Vladimir M. Yurin





Staff:

Head of the Department: Vadim V. Demidchik (C.Sc., D.Sc., Fellow of HE Academy, UK);

Professor: Vladimir M.  Yurin (C.Sc., D.Sc.);

Docents (all C.Sc.): Anatoliy I. Sokolik, Igor I. Smolich, Olga V. Molchan, Tatyana I. Ditchenko, Galina G. Filiptsova, Svetlana N. Romashko and Oksana G. Yakovets.

Assistant: Hanna O. Logvina.

Head of Laboratory: Anatoliy I. Sokolik (C.Sc.)

Research Associates: Elena N. Krytynskaya, Darya V. Przhevalskaya, Sergej N. Zvonarev, Veronika V. Samokhina.

Teaching and research assistants: Nina B. Pavlyutina, Irina A. Tsurbanova, Natalya V. Pritulik, Elena S. Prokofyeva, Natalya G. Bandyukevich


Teaching

The Department carries out undergraduate teaching in the following areas: "Biology, specialization "Plant physiology", "Biotechnology".


Courses at the Department of Plant Cell Biology and Bioengineering

Faculty Courses:

·  Plant Physiology

·  Xenobiology

·  Biomediatores in Plants

·  Immobilised Cells and Enzymes

·  Biosensors

·  Information Technology in Biological Research

·  Protection of Population and National Economy Objects in the Extremal Situations

·  Occupational Safety.


Departmental Courses:

·  Gene and Protein Technologies in Plant Physiology and Biotechnology

·  Plant Growth and Development

·  Xenophytophysiology

·  Molecular Mechanisms and Markers of Plant Productivity

·  Plant Stress Physiology

·  Photosynthesis

·  Plant Biochemistry

·  Plant Mineral Nutrition

·  Information Structures of Plant Cells

·  Systems Biophysics of Plant Cells

·  Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture

·  Genetic and Cellular Basis of Crop Improvement


RESEARCH THEMES:

·  The study of molecular basis and physiological properties of plant ion transport systems (ion channels, transporters and ATPases) and their regulation by internal and external factors. Study of the role of ion transporters in the regulation of plant productivity and crop yield

·  Mechanisms of plant cell response to pathogens and environmental cues (salinity, heavy metals, oxidative stress, xenobiotics etc.). Identifi cation of primary stress perception mechanisms at the level of plasma membrane (receptors and Ca2+-permeable channels).

·  Generation of medicinal plant cell cultures (suspensions, callus, sterile plants etc.), characterisation of plant compounds that can be used in biotechnology. Development of techniques for immobilisation of cultured plant cells to trigger increased biosynthesis of secondary metabolites. Generation of Arabidopsis thaliana knockout cell cultures to study stress-induced programmed cell death.

·  Mechanisms of generation and physiological roles of reactive oxygen species in plants. Identifi cation of their fundamental role in stress responses, signaling, adaptation, growth, development, gravitropic response etc.

·  The role of cytosolic Ca2+ and K+ in regulation of plant cell physiology. Mechanisms of plant Ca2+ signaling, Ca2+- and K+-regulated programmed cell death and its induction under stress.

·  Properties and physiological roles of plant plasma membrane ionotropic receptors, such as glutamate receptors, cyclic nucleotide gated channels and purinoceptors. Bioinformatics analyses of algal ionotropic receptors and ion channel genes.

·  Modelling of plant ion transport process at the cellular level. An application of systems biology approach to study the heterogeneity of membrane electric fi eld and its effect on ion channel mediated fl uxes. Modelling of nitrogen uptake and distribution in plant cells.

·  Assessment of toxic effects of nanomaterilals on higher plants at the biocenosis, organismal, cellular and molecular levels. Preparation of recommendations on maximal level of nanoparticle soil pollution and development of biotest systems for the analysis of nanomaterials’.

·  Development of techniques for micropropogation of decorative coniferous plants.


Teaching aids developed by members of the department in recent years:

1. Yurin, V. M.  Xenobiology: the manual. Minsk: BSU, 2001. 234 p. (in Russian).

2. Yurin, V. M.  Xenobiology: the manual. Minsk: ООО « New knowledge», 2002. 267 p. (in Russian)

3. Yurin, V. M. Modular program of laboratory practice «Xenobiology». Minsk: BSU, 2004. 36 p. (in Russian)

4. Yurin, V. M.  Plant Mineral Nutrition: the manual. Minsk: BSU, 2004. 234 p. (in Russian).

5. Yurin, V. M.  Biomediatores in plants: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2004. 128 p. (in Russian)

6. Yurin, V. M., Kudryashov A. P. Xenophytophysiology: the manual. Minsk: BSU, 1999. 88 p. (in Russian)

7. Oniani, D.A., Yurin V. M., Kudryashov A. P. Xenophytotoxicology: the manual. Tbilisi: TSU, 2002. 283 p. (in Russian)

8. Yurin, V. M.,  Kahnovich L.V., Еrmolenko G.L. Ecological plant physiology: the manual.. Minsk: BSU, 1995. 148 p. (in Russian)

9. Yurin, V. M.  Immobilized cells and enzymes: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2006. 133 p. (in Russian)

10. Kudryashov, A. P. Biosensors: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2003. 113 p. (in Russian).

11. Kudryashov, A. P. Plant Cell Membranes: the manual. Minsk: BSU, 2005. 84 p. (in Russian)

12. Kahnovich, L.V. Photosynthesis: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2002. 283 p. (in Russian)

13. Filiptsova G. G.,   Smolich I. I.  Biochemistry of plants: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2004. 136 p. (in Russian)

14. Ditchenko, T.I. Plant cells, tissues and organs culture: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2007. 107 p. (in Russian)

15. Smolich I.I., Hodorenko L.А.,  Yurin. V. M. Water balance of plants: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2008. 108 p. (in Russian)

16. Yurin, V. M. Plant Bioelectrogenesis: the manual. Minsk: BSU, 2008. 135 p. (in Russian).

17. Reshetnikov V.N., Spiridovich E.V. Information structures of plant cell: course of lectures. Minsk: BSU, 2008. 103 p. (in Russian)


SELECTED PEER-REVIEWED PAPERS:

1. Molchan O, Romashko S, Yurin V (2012) L-tryptophan decarboxylase activity and tryptamine accumulation in callus cultures of Vinca minor L. Plant Cell, Tissue and Organ Culture 108: 535–539.

2. Demidchik V, Shang Z, Shin R, Shabala S, Davies JM (2011) Receptor-like activity evoked by extracellular ADP in Arabidopsis thaliana root epidermal plasma membrane. Plant Physiology 156: 1375–1385.

3. Demidchik V, Cuin TA, Svistunenko D, Smith SJ, Miller AJ, Shabala S, Sokolik A, Yurin V (2010) Arabidopsis root K+ effl ux conductance activated by hydroxyl radicals: single-channel properties, genetic basis and involvement in stress-induced cell death. Journal of Cell Science 123: 1468–1479.

4. Yurin VМ, Ditchenko ТI (2009) Mechanisms of the modifi cation of ion-transport properties of plant cell plasma membrane by fungicide propiconazole. Agrochemistry 9: 43–53.

5. Demidchik V, Shang Z, Shin R, Thompson E, Rubio L, Chivasa S, Slabas AR, Glover BJ, Schachtman DP, Shabala SN, Davies JM (2009) Plant extracellular ATP signaling by plasma membrane NADPH oxidase and Ca2+ channels. Plant Journal 58: 903–913.

6. Laohavisit A, Mortimer JC, Demidchik V, Coxon KM, Stancombe MA, Macpherson N, Brownlee C, Hofmann A, Webb AAR, Miedema H, Battey NH, Davies JM (2009) Zea mays annexins modulate cytosolic free Ca2+, form a Ca2+-permeable conductance and have peroxidase activity. Plant Cell 21: 479–493.

7. Demidchik V, Shabala S, Davies J (2007) Spatial variation in H2O2 response of Arabidopsis thaliana root epidermal Ca2+ fl ux and plasma membrane Ca2+ channels. Plant Journal 49: 377–386.

8. Demidchik V & Maathuis FJM (2007) Physiological roles of nonselective cation channels in plants: from salt stress to signalling and development. Tansley review. New Phytologist 175: 387–405.

9. Foreman J, Demidchik V, Bothwell JHF, Mylona P, Miedema H, Torres MA, Linstead P, Costa S, Brownlee C, Jones JDG, Davies JM, Dolan L (2003) Reactive oxygen species produced by NADPH oxidase regulate plant cell growth. Nature 422: 442–446.

10. Demidchik V, Davenport RJ, Tester MA (2002) Nonselective cation channels in plants. Annual Reviews of Plant Biology 53: 67–107.

BOOKS AND CHAPTERS:

1. Demidchik V (2012) Characterisation of root plasma membrane Ca2+-permeable cation channels: techniques and basic concepts In AG Volkov, Plant Electrophysiology, Springer-Verlag. Berlin, Heidelberg. P. 339–369.

2. Demidchik V (2012) Reactive oxygen species and oxidative stress in plants. In S. Shabala, Plant Stress Physiology, CAB International, Wallingford. P. 24–58.

3. Yurin VM (2010) Plant Physiology. Minsk: Belarusian State University Press.

4. Demidchik V, Maathuis FJM (2010) Ion channels and plant stress responses. Springer-Verlag. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York.

5. Demidchik V, Sokolik A, Yurin V (2006) Electrophysiological characterisation of plant cation channels. In A.G. Volkov «Plant Electrophysiology: Theory and Methods». Springer-Verlag. Berlin, Heidelberg, New York. P. 173–185.


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